Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) in pregnancy – causes, symptoms and treatment

Who is at higher risk of hypoglycemia?

The food we eat is separated into glucose, or sugar. This sugar then enters the various cells of the body and provides energy for metabolic processes. Hence, the working of the body continues smoothly. On the off chance that there is insufficient sugar in the blood, So that is the reason ‘Hypoglycemia ‘can occur. That is, how much dissolved sugar in the body is substantially less than required was. It can cause gentle to severe complications relying upon the idea of hypoglycemia. Low sugar levels can prompt torpidity and weariness, However assuming that this sum is high, blacking out or trance like state may also happen. Being hypoglycemic is an issue and you should be exceptionally mindful so as to control it on the off chance that it occurs during pregnancy.. Peruse this article to know the causes of this condition and what it means for pregnancy.

What is hypoglycemia in pregnancy??

Ordinary glucose range during pregnancy 700 Hypoglycemia occurs when the levels fall beneath micrograms per milliliter. In actuality, Ordinary scope of glucose 700 That 1000 should be between micrograms per milliliter.

Types of hypoglycemia

If you experience any symptoms of hypoglycemia, please contact your doctor as soon as possible so that you can be diagnosed and treated in time.. There are two common types of hypoglycemia in pregnancy. They are as follows.

1. Reactive hypoglycemia

In reactive hypoglycemia, Blood sugar levels drop rapidly in the first two hours after you eat. This type of hypoglycemia is more common in diabetic patients, But the condition can also occur in people who do not have diabetes.

2. Fasting hypoglycemia

In fasting hypoglycemia, Blood sugar drops to dangerous levels during your meal. This type is more common in people without diabetes.

Who is at higher risk of hypoglycemia??

Pregnant women are most likely to develop hypoglycemia in the following situations.

  • A pregnant woman at the end of the first trimester, especially: of pregnancy 8 That 16 Hypoglycemia is more likely to occur during the week.
  • If you get sick frequently during pregnancy, Hypoglycemia may occur.
  • A history of low blood sugar or hypoglycemic attacks can also cause hypoglycemia.

Who is at higher risk of hypoglycemia?

What causes low blood sugar during pregnancy??

There are many possible causes of hypoglycemia in pregnancy. Doing some of them

1. Morning sickness

Morning sickness or nausea and vomiting can cause low blood sugar during pregnancy. This is because you are eating less. This creates a caloric deficit in your daily diet. You frequently vomit and lose weight. If you feel weak or dizzy, Please consult your doctor for advice.

2. Lifestyle

There are various lifestyle factors that affect blood sugar levels in the body. For example, Excessive exercise breaks down more sugar for needed energy. Another factor is not getting enough food. First, in the second and third quarters respectively 1800, 2200 And 2400 We need calories every day. Consuming alcohol can also cause hypoglycemia because it inhibits the release of sugar from the blood by the liver.

3. Diabetes

Hyperglycemia, or increased glucose levels, It is normal in pregnancy. This is a result of diabetes, In diabetes, the insulin chemical does not effectively transport glucose into the cells. This causes more sugar in the bloodstream. However, Diabetes medications, As insulin injections can cause hypoglycemia. These insulin injections can bring down glucose levels in the body than required, It causes hypoglycemia. some times, Hormonal changes during your pregnancy can cause hypoglycemia in ladies with diabetes. This happens regardless of whether they are not taking insulin. Watch out for whether you are taking a fair eating regimen during pregnancy. Also, watch out for your glucose levels on the off chance that you are pregnant and have diabetes.

4. Diabetes in pregnancy

Gestational diabetes is a condition in pregnancy. Impact of hormones, This issue is caused by the stress of pregnancy and insulin resistance. These factors can cause your glucose levels to drop and cause hypoglycemia. Gestational diabetes is bound to happen in ladies who have diabetes and are taking prescription. approx 9% Ladies suffer from gestational diabetes during their pregnancy, However this condition disappears naturally subsequent to conceiving an offspring.

5. Medical conditions

Numerous clinical problems can cause hypoglycemia in pregnancy other than diabetes. Some of them can cause complications in your pregnancy and fetal turn of events, So seeking legitimate treatment is significant. These problems include an unevenness of the hormones glucagon and cortisol, Intense hepatitis, organ disappointment, Chemical lack, Includes pancreatic tumors and so forth.

6. medication

Notwithstanding insulin, Other diabetes medications can bring down glucose levels. Oral medications such as sulfonylureas and meglitinides are used to treat diabetes and may cause hypoglycemia.. Numerous different medications are also used to bring down glucose levels, E.g: Sulfonamides, Pentamidine, Quinine and salicylates.

Be that as it may, How to be aware assuming you have hypoglycemia in pregnancy? There are some signs and symptoms you really want to focus on

Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar during pregnancy

Since sugar is a source of energy for many metabolic processes in the body, Low blood sugar can cause many symptoms. Some of them are as follows:

  • Weakness and fatigue. This fatigue makes you cranky.
  • It becomes difficult to think clearly.
  • The body often starts sweating and shaking uncontrollably.
  • Irregularities or an increase in your heart rate may occur.
  • Your vision may become blurry and blurred.
  • May experience fluctuations in mood and anxiety levels.
  • If your hypoglycemia is severe, You may experience fits and seizures. You may even lose consciousness.
  • Symptoms of hypoglycemia may also occur during sleep. So pay attention to these symptoms too
    1. Cold night sweats
    2. Frequent nightmares
    3. Fatigue even after a good night’s sleep
    4. Difficulty getting up in the morning

Diagnosis of low blood sugar in pregnant women

Gestational diabetes is normal: The test is finished in the second trimester, However assuming ladies show symptoms of diabetes, Further tests might be necessary. In the event that you don’t have diabetes, Your primary care physician might arrange more blood tests to distinguish the cause of your hypoglycemia. Then, The specialist will give you your clinical history, diet, exercise schedule, And may ask for a nitty gritty description of the same.

Diagnosis of low blood sugar in pregnant women

Effects of hypoglycemia on pregnancy

Hypoglycemia in pregnancy can affect both mother and baby.

1. Effects on the mother

Severe cases of hypoglycemia might require hospitalization. Then, Gestational diabetes can cause complications during conveyance. This leads to possible injuries during labor. Nighttime hypoglycemic attacks might happen during early pregnancy. Glucose level per milliliter in this condition 300 Can go down to micrograms. It can cause seizures and in extremely uncommon cases, A lady might go into a trance like state.

2. Effects on the baby

Low glucose during pregnancy also affects the wellbeing of the baby – Physical and mental disorders in the kid, Low birth weight and similar problems can happen. Pregnant ladies with gestational diabetes are at increased risk of bringing forth embittered babies. These babies frequently have exceptionally low glucose levels and may require cautious checking.

Treatment to reduce the severity of hypoglycemia

If the hypoglycemia is severe, some treatment methods may be used:

  • Fruit juice to the patient, Sugar water, High like glucose tabletsEating caloric foods can help. Total, There should be approximately fifteen grams of carbohydrates. Blood sugar should return to normal within fifteen minutes after eating carbohydrates.
  • If the patient cannot eat or drink, see a doctor as soon as possible.
  • during childbirth, Blood sugar levels must be controlled.
  • On rare occasions, Tumors that cause hormonal imbalance during pregnancy must be removed.

Precautions to be taken while suffering from hypoglycemia during pregnancy

Pregnant women with hypoglycemia can take certain precautions to regulate the condition:

  • Avoid alcohol under any circumstances.
  • Check your blood sugar level with a portable glucometer.
  • Always keep sugary snacks on hand.
  • Eat small meals throughout the day rather than eating too much three times a day.
  • If you exercise more on a particular day, eat more food.
  • If you have been prescribed insulin, Remember to take the right dose at the right time.

Hypoglycemia during your pregnancy can occur for various reasons. In any event, skipping a single dinner can cause hypoglycemia in pregnancy. In the event that you experience any of the symptoms of hypoglycemia as described in this article, Please consult your primary care physician so that he can precisely diagnose and treat this condition. On the off chance that you have hyperglycemia, you can consult your PCP to know how to bring down glucose during pregnancy..


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